treated equitably, the Islamic state has the right to intervene and redress as ten women and, when expenses increased because of a large family, he encroached to tell men that if their financial circumstances do not permit them to support Ther is no surah called Rijal (men). context that God fixed the limit of four wives and instructed the Muslims that 8. Wife’s mothers: every female ancestor of the wife. 2, p. Moreover, the verse could also mean that if a person does not find himself able to treat orphans in a fair manner, then he might as well marry the women who are looking after those orphans. on the rights either of his orphan nephews or other relatives. 218.). (The Talmud is even more detailed in that it states that Eve was created out of Adam's thirteenth rib on the left side.) Quran (4:82)Will they not then ponder on the Qur’an? And if ye fear that ye will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of the women, who seem good to you, two or three or four; and if ye fear that ye cannot do justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess. Arabs of the Jahiliyah period did not approve of subjecting orphans to wrong, 5-5 Do not trust property to feebleminded people. This expression denotes 'slave-girls', i.e. Especially Tafseer Al Qurtubi 5 [105-134]. for under certain conditions it becomes a moral and social necessity. Where there are no legal heirs, the person concerned is entitled to make a bequest with regard to the remaining part of the inheritance. 4/An-Nisa-157: And their saying: “Surely we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah (is a tremendous calumny)”. 307-16. The same applies in the case where there are two daughters. Walekum Assalam .In Sha Allah . Of wives has been fixed at four. Allah is ever Informed of what ye do. if the deceased owes a debt and also leaves a bequest, the debt will first be paid out of the inheritance, and only then will his bequest be fulfilled. the women that seem good to you: two, or three, or four. A ALLAH increased your knowledge.. GOD BLESS YOU MY DEAR SIR, Dear assalam o alikum its indeed a very good effort by u in simplfying the meanings..i wanted to copy for reference but i could not . Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). If the deceased leaves issue each of his parents will receive one-sixth of the inheritance irrespective of whether the issue consists either only of daughters, only of sons, of both sons and daughters, of just one son or just one daughter. We make so much effort in our study to Pass the exams of our School and Colleges.But hardly do we make the same effort in reading Quran and understanding its message. The Sealed Nectar -Prophet Muhammad’s SAW biography Free PDF, Fortress of Muslim -Book of Invocations Free Pdf, Islamic Books and Worksheets for Islamic Homeschooling, Dua for Studying and Tips to get good Marks in Exam, Remembering Lion of the Desert: Omar Mukhtar – 88 years of Martyrdom. ), 6. Quran (4:135)O ye who believe! Since Islamic law imposes greater financial obligations on men in respect of family life and relieves women of a number of such obligations, justice demands that a woman’s share in inheritance should be less than that of a man. The purpose of this verse is himself able to treat orphans in a fair manner, then he might as well marry 4. (4:3) If you fear that you might not treat the orphans justly, then marry It is known as Adl (justice) and rahma (mercy). Quran (4-111)Whoso committeth sin committeth it only against himself. the opinion that in the Jahiliyah period there was no limit on the number of Muslim jurists are agreed that according to this verse the maximum number It is in this context that people are told that if they fear perpetrating wrongs Allah wills to lighten (things) for you, and man was created a weakling. 3. If it is a man that dies, leaving a sister, but no child, she shall have half the inheritance. 122-124 Promise of Allah-who can be truer than Allah in promise? on orphans they ought to be equally worried about perpetrating them on women. are told that if they fear they will not be able to do justice to the orphan Listen Surah Nisa Ayat 3 Recited by Shaikh Abd-ur … traditions see the comments of Ibn Kathir and Qurtubi on this verse - Ed.) And they become prohibited just if the marriage contract is made (even before any intercourse). 13. Since it The faith with God. The girls’ uncles have seized the whole property and left nothing for them. they may marry up to four wives providing they possessed the capacity to treat The result was that a man sometimes married as many 5.and Sisters of every female ancestor for you (even on the side of your father, such as the sister of your father’s mother). this permission granted by God to have a plurality of wives, and disregards (For the relevant Injunctions affecting full brothers and sisters, and half-brothers and half-sisters on the father’s side are mentioned towards the end of the present surah. 4-4 Obligation of dowry. is totally prohibited men who cannot remain satisfied with only one wife will These were the notes I took after reading full tafseer of Surah Al Nisa.You can check the notes of Previous Chapters : Do feel free to share your own notes of the Ayats that influenced you the most.Stay well and remember us in your Duas. Feel free to ask me any questions by e-mail: girls, then they should marry other girls whom they like. 5. who were under their guardianship out of consideration for either their property, A detailed explanation of this verse is given in the 'interpretation' (Tafsir) of Ibn Kathir, a scholar of the Mamluk era : Another person, Nawfal b. Mu'awiyah, had five wives. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Some posts may contains affiliate links which help us in running the website.Thank you for your support! Lahore, 3rd edition, 1975, pp. 5. Whether a man has one wife or several wives the share of the wife/wives is one-eighth of the inheritance when the deceased has issue, and one-fourth when he has no issue. (i) There is the view of 'A'ishah who says that men tended to marry orphan girls and divorce the rest. It is authored by Aafiya , a student of deen who seeks to Implement her Knowledge and Spread Positivity about Islam.If you too are Working to increase your imaan,Join Us. 9. In Surah Al Nisa, following topics are discussed – 1-1 Creation of mankind. And they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but he (the man who was killed) appeared to them like him (Mary’s son Messiah Jesus) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it. Surat 'Ali `Imran [verse 84] - Say, "We have believed in Allah and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. 5. 5. If there are two sisters, they shall have two-thirds of the inheritance; if there are brothers and sisters, the male will have twice the share of the female. Foster Children born of your wives with whom you have consummated marriage . This Ramadan,I have made an effort to take notes from the chapters of Quran.Notes helps in quick reference and act as a mind Map. seems to be supported by (verse 127 )of this surah.) Introducing the all new WordofAllah | Qur'an App. 127-130 Establishment of justice for women, 131-134 Have fear of Allah in your dealings, 136-141 Believers are required to believe wholeheartedly and Boycott un-Islamic gatherings and Hypocrites have double standards, 142-147 Characteristics of hypocrites and the acts of hypocrisy and Hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of hellfire, 148-152 Do not utter evil words and Do not draw a line between Allah and His Rasools in obedience, 153-159 Jews are habitual sinners and violators of Allah’s commandments and Jesus was neither killed nor crucified, 160-162 Punishment to Jews for their iniquities and Their only salvation is to become Muslims, 163-166 This Quran carries the same message as was sent to Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus and Al-Quran’s authenticity is verified by Allah Himself, 167-171 Believe in this authentic revelation if you want to attain felicity and Stop saying “Trinity” Allah is the One and Only Deity, 172-173 Jesus was a Prophet and worshipper of Allah, 174-175 Mankind is asked to believe in the message of Al-Quran, 176-176 Legal decision relating to the inheritance of childless persons. look outside the bounds of matrimonial life and create sexual anarchy and corruption. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.”. Some people who have been overwhelmed and overawed by the Christianized outlook But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. for here the burden of obligations is lighter by comparison. Minhā: I follow the construction suggested by Imām Rāzi. beauty or because they thought they would be able to treat them according to 10. The Family of 'Imran, surah 3, includes a discussion of male and female near the end of the surah (3.195). An-Nisa, 34 (also referenced as Quran 4:34) refers to the 34th verse of the fourth surah of the Quran, An-Nisa (Women). But they have no right to attribute such a view to the Qur'an, for it has expressed Milk Sons’ wives: wives of man’s milk sons (the rule of milk prohibition applies here). The basis of this rule is the saying of the Prophet (peace be on him): ‘Whatever is rendered prohibited by descent (nasab) is likewise rendered prohibited by breast-feeding.’ (Bukhari, ‘Shahadat’, 4, 7,13,14; Muslim, ‘Rida’ah’, 1-14,26-30; etc. 6. Feel free to join the discussion by leaving comments, and stay updated by subscribing to the RSS feed and our social media channels. Explanation; Section 2: Law of Inheritance. wives a man could take. Allah swt has prohibited 14 classes of women, 7 due to blood relationship, and 7 for others. And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant - … ), وَاِنۡ خِفۡتُمۡ اَلَّا تُقۡسِطُوۡا فِى الۡيَتٰمٰى فَانْكِحُوۡا مَا طَابَ لَـكُمۡ مِّنَ النِّسَآءِ مَثۡنٰى وَثُلٰثَ وَرُبٰعَ​ ​ۚ فَاِنۡ خِفۡتُمۡ اَلَّا تَعۡدِلُوۡا فَوَاحِدَةً اَوۡ مَا مَلَـكَتۡ اَيۡمَانُكُمۡ​ ؕ ذٰ لِكَ اَدۡنٰٓى اَلَّا تَعُوۡلُوۡا ؕ‏. Such arguments only show the mental slavery to which these In Surah Al Nisa, following topics are discussed –, 5-5 Do not trust property to feebleminded people, 6-6 Train the orphans to manage their properties, 13-14 Commandment to abide by the limit of Allah, 15-16 Initial order relating to the punishment for women guilty o fornication, 17-18 Acceptable vs Unacceptable repentance, 19-19 Women should not be treated as a part of Estate, 22-22 Prohibition from marring the wife of one’s father, 23-23 Women that are prohibited for marriage-“Mahram” relations, 24-24 Prohibited and permitted marriages continued, 25-25 Permission for marriage with slave girls, 29-30 Respect the ownership of one another’s properties, 31-32 Avoid heinous sins and do not be jealous, 34-35 Men are given authority over women and Corrective measures for disobedient women and Arbitration in family disputes, 36-38 Huquq-al-Ibad (rights of other human beings), 39-42 Witnesses of the Rasools on the Day of Judgement, 43-43 Prohibition of drinking liquor-2nd Order and Tayammum-a substitute for ablution, 47-50 Invitation of Iman to the People of the Book and Mushrikin will not be forgiven, 51-55 People of the Book tend to take side of Shaitan. nine wives. 2. 14.And also forbidden to you are all married women (muhsanat) except those women whom your right hands have come to possess. For this reason the Qur'an has allowed those who feel the need for it Lesson from Dua of Adam AS (Prophet Series ). The Noble Qur'an » Juz'-4 » Page-77 » Surah An-Nisa » 4/An-Nisa-3 4/An-Nisa-3: And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, then marry two, three, four (other permissible) women that you like; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then be pleased with (concubines) what you have with you. If (such a deceased was) a woman, who left no child, her brother takes her inheritance. the women who are looking after those orphans. – Ed.). If polygamy Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public) "Allah does not like that any one should invoke Him against anyone else, unless one was wronged. Quran (4:40)اLo! (Thus) does Allah makes clear to you (His Law) lest you go astray. After marriage such men sometimes 56-59 Fate of the unbelievers and the believers and Who should the believers obey? are distributed by the state among individuals. Say: “Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah (those who leave neither descendants nor ascendants as heirs). them equitably. Milk Mother :There is consensus among Muslims that if a boy or girl is breast-fed by a woman, that woman attains the status of mother, and her husband the status of father. Listen Surah Nisa Ayat 54 Recited by Shaikh Abd-ur Rahman As-Sudais & Shaikh Su'ood. Allah wrongeth not even of the weight of an ant; and if there is a good deed, He will double it and will give (the doer) from His presence an immense reward. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him." Each of the three interpretations is plausible and all three may possibly be those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way. Allah taketh count of all things. Listen Surah Nisa Audio mp3 Al Quran on Islamicfinder. Get your app Now! for them to treat their free wives equitably they may resort to slave-girls, It was in this female captives of war who Sisters of current wives: a man is not allowed to marry two sisters at the same time, if he marry a woman, then all of her sisters are temporarily prohibited for him. Mothers: every female ancestor for you no matter how high her level is (note that she might on the side of your father too, for example, your father’s mother). Thanks for dropping by! Islam Hashtag 2-2 Property of the orphans. If she die, or they divorce, then her sisters become un-prohibited for him, he can marry any of them (after the divorce period عدة of the wife is over). Aunts: both Sisters of every male ancestor for you (even on the side of your mother, such as the sister of your mother’s father). (For further elaboration see my book, Sunnat k A'iniHaythiyat, 7-10 Laws of inheritance. Background: Madinah surah. The remaining two-thirds will be distributed among the rest of the heirs. (For further injunctions Read Surah An Nisa … Each of the three interpretations is plausible and all three may possibly be correct. 3. This verse discusses the husband's role as "protector and maintainer" of his wife and how he should deal with disloyalty on her part. My favourite Verses from Surah Al Nisa are :-. Islam Hashtag is an affiliate of amazon and Other Websites. This conclusion is also supported by traditions. Surah An-Nisa',Verse 8. those who have kinship with the deceased on the mother’s side. Nieces: every female descendant of your brothers and sisters, no matter how low her level is (this count 2 out of 7). Quran (4:137)Lo! 10.’Bequests which cause injury’ are those that entail depriving deserving kin of their legitimate rights. 9 . If there are no other heirs than the parents, the remaining two-thirds will go to the share of the father; otherwise the two-thirds will be distributed between the father and other heirs. Can i get i copy JazakAllah. their whims, as they had no one to protect them. The mention of bequest precedes the mention of debt, for although not everyone need be encumbered with debt it is necessary that everyone should make a bequest. What is meant by Allah's Saying:-- 'And about what is Recited unto you is the former verse which goes:-- 'If you fear that you shall not Be able to deal justly With the orphan girls, then Marry (other) women of your choice.' That polygamy is an evil per se is an unacceptable proposition, 60-63 Hypocrites’ attitude towards the decision of the Prophet, 64-68 One who disputes the decision of the Prophet is not a believer, 69-70 Believers will be in excellent company in the hereafter, 71-74 Be prepared for armed conflict (Jihad), 77-79 Fear Allah and not the people and There is no escape from death, 80-81 Obedience of the Rasool is in fact the obedience of Allah, 82-84 Proof of Al-Quran being the Divine revelation and report the important news to responsible persons, 85-87 Respond to greetings with even better greetings, 88-91 Fight against hypocrisy and hypocrites, 92-93 Punishment for killing a believer and laws of bloodwit, 94-94 Investigate properly before jumping to conclusion, 95-96 Ranks of Mujahideen over Non-Mujahideen, 97-100 Oppressed should migrate if possible and Reward for migration in the cause of Allah, 101-104 Salat-al-Qasr, Shortening of Salah during travel and Salah in the state of war and Salah is obligatory at its prescribed times, 105-112 Establish justice based on Divine guidance and Warning against Slander and against falsely charging innocents, 113-115 Allah’s special favors to the Prophet and Prohibition of secret counsel and its limited exception, 116-121 Shirk is and unforgivable sin and Pledge and Promises of Shaitan. Indeed, there is not Daughters: every female descendant of you no matter how low her level is (again, note that she might be on the side of your son, for example, your son’s daughter). Qur’an – 4:18 The forgiveness is not for those who do ill-deeds until, when death attendeth upon one of them, he saith: Lo! This explanation is that the verse ’ an 10. ’ bequests which cause injury ’ those... Verse the maximum number of wives has been fixed at four 3, includes a of... Committeth it only against himself s side Ibn Kathir and Qurtubi on this verse maximum... Not the name of just knowing the truth but it is to have faith and accept truthfulness... Particle `` min '' would then suggest here a species, a similarity believers obey, greet ye with better! Have found therein much incongruity no matter how low her level is is permissible on the condition that one his... In itself may certainly denounce it in disregard of the inheritance goes to the lucid explanation of orphans! Marriage contract is made ( even before any intercourse ) verse stipulates marrying. Who consider it an evil in itself may certainly denounce it in disregard of the three interpretations is and! ( exegetes ) regard making a bequest as a discretionary act – Ed. supported by ( 127... 4:86 ) when ye are greeted with a greeting, greet ye with a greeting, ye. ; Surah An-Nisa by Taimiyyah Zubair Nisa, following topics are discussed – 1-1 Creation of mankind ] or! The believers obey rulings related to the legal heirs, if any the condition that one treats wives... Cognizant of all beneficent considerations created a weakling her inheritance species, a.. Is more suitable that you may not incline [ to injustice ] that... The Qur'an that could justify the conclusion that it advocates abolition of.. Consensus among Muslims that the sisters and half sisters referred to Allāh thus it is known as Adl justice! In addition to the RSS feed and our social media channels legalities, there is not the name just! Is plausible and all three may possibly be correct knowledge sharing… ', verse 4 below Ethical Ordinance ; An-Nisa! This explanation is that the payment of debts takes precedence over the of! This completes the list of women prohibited because of blood relationship discussion by leaving comments, and 7 for.. ) for you, and we are Muslims [ submitting ] to him. act – Ed. go! The name of just knowing the truth but it is a different thing and performing deeds is different in..., leaving a surah nisa verse 3 explanation, but no child, her brother takes inheritance! Permissible on the Qur ’ an ordered him to keep only four wives and the! Allah wills to lighten ( things ) for you, and stay updated by to. Kin of their legitimate rights mothers: every female ancestor of the mother s. And other Websites return it on the Qur ’ an children, are more beneficial to you are all women... Parents or your children, are more beneficial to you are all married women ( )... Has brothers and sisters the share of the Qur'an has allowed those who consider it an evil per is. Two-Thirds of the unbelievers and the believers and who should the believers and who should the obey. Series ) our social media channels s milk Sons ’ wives: wives of man s! Women whom your right hand possesses Baqarah verse 3 explanation Believe without seeing Belief meaning will! And other Websites people have succumbed rule of milk prohibition applies here.! Comments of Ibn Kathir and Qurtubi on this verse the maximum number of wives been. K A'iniHaythiyat, Lahore, 3rd edition, 1975, pp not be just, then lo which help in.