Chief Justice Marshall wrote, "Let it be within the scope of the Constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consistent with the letter and spirit of the Constitution, are constitutional.". Section 3 of Article 1 describes explains how the Senate should be. Most notably, Clauses 1 (the General Welfare or Taxing and Spending clause), 3 (the Commerce clause), and 18 (The Necessary and Proper clause) have been deemed to grant expansive powers to Congress. This is what Congress is able to do, no more, no less. Under constitutional law all legislation passed by congress is presumed constitutional unless and until it has been proved otherwise. It is the chamber where all taxing and spending bills start. Article II, Section 1, Clause 2. Houston v. Moore. Under its provisions, Congress is allowed to regulate all goods that cross state or international lines. in English literature at Middlebury College. The commerce clause gives Congress broad power to regulate many aspects of our economy and to pass environmental or consumer protections because so much of business today, either in manufacturing or distribution, crosses state lines. The First Congress, concerned that the limited nature of the federal government was not clear enough in the original Constitution, later adopted Amendment X, which reserves to the states or to the people all the powers not specifically granted to the federal government. Article I Section 8 gives Congress the power to levy and collect taxes. How does the Article provide a Check and Balance to the Government? Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution enumerates, or specifies, the powers of the legislative branch of our government (the Congress). 18: To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. The best free civics materials from around the web in one monthly mailing. How does the Article provide a Check and Balance to the Government? The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The first article of the constitution is further broken down in to 10 distinct sections. Article I . Origin. The textual powers given to Congress can be found throughout the Constitution. These specific powers form the basis of the American system of “ federalism,” the division and sharing of powers between the central government and the state governments. U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8. 1. Before purchasing property to use as Section 8 rentals, it is essential to be aware that the building must pass an inspection by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The Powers of the Congress: - Give and collect taxes - Control tade (inports and exports) - Choose/ evaulate who can or who becomes a citizen - Create money - Create courts - Declare war - Create an army and a navy - "Necessary and Proper" clause This clause is seen as a limit on state power, although, the clause does not specifically limit states from also participating in commercial regulation. The provisions of Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 are not to be confused with two other historical Constitutional issues regarding exclusive legislative jurisdiction as applies to … As enumerated by the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, the 18th clause in Section 8 lists powers that Congress possesses, such as … The next power of congress is, "to establish post-offices and post-roads." Section 1 of Article 4 of the Constitution. Texas is a free and independent State, subject only to the Constitution of the United States, and the maintenance of our free institutions and the perpetuity of the Union depend upon the preservation of the right of local self-government, unimpaired to all the States. Document 7. Noun. McCulloch vs. Maryland 1819: A bank teller, James W. McCulloch, brought The guide is an excellent research tool for students to use to gain a deeper understanding of one of our nation’s founding documents and the establishment of the federal government. Amended in 1912 and 1996. Called elastic clause because it gave congress flexibility to carry out its other enumerated clauses This clause also grants Congress the power to determine how funds collected from taxes should be spent. Article I, Section 8, specifies the powers of Congress in great detail. Article II, Section 1, Clause 2. Definition of Section 8 Company. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18. These powers are delegated to Congress alone and cannot be modified by the states. What are Enumerated Powers. In certain sections, there are further break downs, and clauses, discussing certain matters, and discussing in further detail, what each section in the article means. This section of Article 4 requires each state to extend credit and full faith to the public acts, court proceedings and records to other states. Since the turn of the 20th century, federal legislation has dealt with many matters that had previously been managed by the states. The Meaning. Document 20. 1 1820 . The federal government borrows money by issuing bonds. These powers are limited to those listed and those that are “necessary and proper” to carry them out. Why is article 1 section 8 clause 18 called the elastic clause? The third section of Article I sets up the Senate. This section says that there will … February 16th, 1820. Text of Section 8: Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions; Jeopardy; Rights of Victims of Crime; Due Process of Law; Eminent Domain. This is referred to as "power of the purse," and gives Congress great authority over the executive branch, as the president cannot fund initiatives without consent from Congress. 1833 § 1119. To fix this, they included the 10th Amendment in the Bill of Rights, ratified in 1791. However, the framers decided these limitations were not clear enough. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18 Marissa Garcia P2 Necessary and Proper Clause Historical and Current Example What is the article about? To borrow Money on the credit of the United States; Congress is allowed to go into debt to pay for … Article 1 Section 8 of the United States Constitution. The Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program is a form of government rent assistance. The term "Section 8" eventually came to mean any service member given such a discharge, or behaving as if deserving such a discharge, as in the expression, "he's a Section 8". As is still the practice today, the Constitution established that members of the Senate would be elected every six years, in two year increments. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; To borrow Money on the credit of the United States; To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes; To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcie… Start studying Article 1 Section 8 Clauses and Their Meaning. Article I, Section 8 The Text The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; Section 1: The Legislature This interactive guide to the U.S. Constitution provides the original text and an explanation of the meaning of each article and amendment. Summary of Article VIII of Articles of Confederation. article 1 section 8 clause 18 of constitution? All other lawmaking powers are left to the states. Article 1, Section 9 of the U.S. Constitution places limits on the powers of Congress, the Legislative Branch. This clause also grants Congress the power to determine how funds collected from taxes should be spent. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 7. Start studying Article 1 Section 8. No one shall be deprived of his possessions except in the public interest and subject to the conditions provided for by law and by the general principles of international law. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall … Article 1 section 8 clause 18 meaning. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Congress also has the responsibility of determining naturalization, how immigrants become citizens. It is essentially a laundry list of powers delegated to Congress. Specific powers granted to Congress as outlined in Article 1, Section 8 of the United States Constitution. To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. Section 8. Congress has the right to watch how this happens. Document 20. February 16th, 1820. Section 8 discharges were often given to gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, cross-dressers , and transgender people , as they were deemed mentally unfit to serve in the military. 5 Wheat. Under constitutional law all legislation passed by congress is presumed constitutional unless and until it has been proved otherwise. Many powers of Congress have been granted under a broad interpretation of Article 1, section 8. Definition of Enumerated Powers. The most important clause of Article I Section 8 is the last one, which has come to be known as the "elastic clause" or the "necessary and proper clause." Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. Go read Article 1, Section 8 and it gives the enumerated powers. In passing these laws, Congress often relies on power granted by the commerce clause, which allows Congress to regulate business activities “among the states.”. Section 8 Clause 1 The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; The Senate can offer changes and must ultimately approve the bills before they go to the president, but only the House may introduce a bill that involves taxes. Section 1 of Article 4 is called the Full Faith and Credit Clause. 5 Wheat. Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution 3:§§ 1119--42, 1144--45. Article 1, Section 8, clause 18 of the United States Constitution gives Congress power to make any laws considered "necessary and proper" for the nation. These restrictions include those on limiting the slave trade, suspending civil and legal protections of citizens, apportionment of direct taxes, and granting titles of nobility. 1. The “necessary and proper” clause empowers Congress to pass legislation necessary and proper for the republic. Article I Section 8 gives Congress the power to levy and collect taxes. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18. The Senate can offer changes and must ultimately approve the bills before they go to the president, but only the House may introduce a bill that involves taxes. Every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions. 1833 § 1119. Most notably, Clauses 1 (the General Welfare or Taxing and Spending clause), 3 (the Commerce clause), and 18 (The Necessary and Proper clause) have been deemed to grant expansive powers to Congress. The second amendme… Get a line-by-line breakdown of this section of the text to be sure you're picking up what Articles of Confederation is putting down. Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. And what you’re seeing happen, and this has been a progressive thing, the courts have abandoned the Constitution in … 602-340-7366 Congress also has the power to constitute courts lower than the Supreme Court, declare war, suppress insurrections and govern Washington D.C. Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images, The United States Senate: Constitution of the United States, The Annenberg Classroom: Article I Section 8, Cornell Law School: CRS Annotated Constitution, Cornell Law School: Commerce Clause as a Restraint on State Powers. For example, these rulings have found unconstitutional federal laws aimed at protecting battered women or protecting schools from gun violence on the grounds that these types of policy matters are properly managed by the states. The elastic clause expands Congress's power by granting it the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out all of their other enumerated powers. Sara Henderson has been a professional writer and editor since 2008, specializing in food, travel and education. The House of Representatives must begin the process when it comes to raising and spending money. The Annenberg Guide to the United States Constitution. Article 1 - The Legislative Branch Section 8 - Powers of Congress <>. Article 1 Section 8. Necessary and proper means that government could do things that were not directly given to him in the constitution. Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution specifies the “expressed” or “enumerated” powers of Congress. The power to appropriate federal funds is known as the “power of the purse.” It gives Congress great authority over the executive branch, which must appeal to Congress for all of its funding. The first amendment was proposed and passed by the 1909 legislature; agreed to and passed by the 1911 legislature; and approved and ratified by the people at the 1912 general election. This means that, for example, in 1966, there was an election for 1/3 of the Senators. This is referred to as "power of the purse," and gives Congress great authority over the executive branch, as the president cannot fund initiatives without consent from Congress. McCulloch vs. Maryland 1819: A bank teller, James W. McCulloch, brought In recent years, the U.S. Supreme Court has expressed greater concern for states’ rights. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. She is pursuing an M.A. It is the chamber where all taxing and spending bills start. Article 1, Section 8, clause 17 gives the very specific methods by which the federal government may acquire land within a state (it must be purchased with consent of the legislature) as well as describe the ONLY land uses allowed by the federal government....that of building forts, arsenals, dock-yards and building useful for the running of government. Many powers of Congress have been granted under a broad interpretation of Article 1, section 8. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 7. The said States hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their … The Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian Congress has often used the Commerce Clause to justify exercising legislative power over the activities of states and their citizens, leading to significant and ongoing controversy regarding the balance of power between the federal government and the states. The most important of the specific powers that the Constitution enumerates is the power to set taxes, tariffs and other means of raising federal revenue, and to authorize the expenditure of all federal funds. It has issued a series of rulings that limit the power of Congress to pass legislation under the commerce clause or other powers contained in Article I, Section 8. The 10th Amendment states that all powers not specifically designated by the Constitution is delegated to the states. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18 Marissa Garcia P2 Necessary and Proper Clause Historical and Current Example What is the article about? This creates a national debt, which the United States is obligated to repay. Protocol 1, Article 1: Protection of property. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 15. And what you’re seeing happen, and this has been a progressive thing, the courts have abandoned the Constitution in … In addition to regulating commerce and levying taxes, Congress also has the power to establish the rules on naturalization, coin money, post offices, patents and copyrights. But the commerce clause powers are not unlimited. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The House of Representatives must begin the process when it comes to raising and spending money. But this section, Article One, Section 8, is the source of many of the most important powers. Section 1 Forward Pass DEFINITION Article 1 Definition It is a forward pass if: (a) the ball initially moves forward (to a point nearer the opponent’s goal line) after leaving the passer’s hand(s); or (b) the ball first strikes the ground, a player, an official, or anything else at a point that is nearer the Document 7. Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution 3:§§ 1119--42, 1144--45. 18: To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. See: Statutes of Nevada 1909, p. 346; Statutes of Nevada 1911, p. 454. Overview. The U.S. Constitution provides a list of things that Congress, or the federal government, cannot do. The Companies Act defines a Section 8 company as one whose objectives is to promote fields of arts, commerce, science, research, education, sports, charity, social welfare, religion, environment protection, or other similar objectives. Go read Article 1, Section 8 and it gives the enumerated powers. Two recent developments illuminate the challenge of applying the Constitution to a world that is very different from the one in which the Framers lived. Arizona Bar Foundation 4201 N. 24th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85016. In addition, Congress has the power to coin money, create the postal service, army, navy and lower federal courts, and to declare war. 1 1820 . The "commerce clause" is considerably wider in scope than many congressional powers. Text of Section 1: Freedom and Sovereignty of State. With the renewed focus on voting rights in this century, new questions regarding the meaning and import of Article I, Section 2 have arisen. However, it wasn't until the adoption of the 16th Amendment in 1913 that Congress was allowed to collect federal income taxes. Such laws must apply uniformly and cannot be modified by the states. Article 1 of the United States Constitution lays out the organization of Congress, its houses, and its duties. Article 1, Section 4 Clause 1. Under constitutional law all legislation passed by Congress is presumed constitutional, unless and until it has been proved otherwise. The framers of the Constitution wrote Article I Section 8 to enumerate and limit the powers of the United States Congress. Article 1 - The Legislative Branch Section 9 - Limits on Congress <>. See also Swain v. Pressley, 430 U.S. 372 (1977). The Article I courts were sustained in Palmore v. United States, 411 U.S. 389 (1973). To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; To borrow Money on the credit of the United States; To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian Tribes; To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States; To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States; To establish Post Offices and post Roads; To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries; To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court; To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations; To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water; To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces; To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;—And. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 15. According to Wikipedia, this clause, often called the "Necessary and Proper" or the "Elastic" clause, is sometimes accused of giving too much power to Congress. The Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian. In addition to the tax powers in Article I, Amendment XVI authorized Congress to establish a national income tax. The precedent for interpreting the elastic clause as expanding rather than limiting the powers of Congress was set in the 1819 McColloch vs. Maryland Supreme Court decision. Clause 1 and Meaning The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; The Meaning. Home > Browse the Constitution Annotated > Article I > Section 8 > Clause 15 Browse the Constitution Annotated. what does that exactly mean? Article 1 section 8 clause 18 meaning. In Article I Section 8 of the Constitution, Congress has the power to regulate commerce. Annenberg Guide to the Constitution: What It Says, What It Means, Freedom of Assembly: Nationalist Socialist Party v. Skokie, The 19th Amendment: A Woman’s Right to Vote, Your Right to Remain Silent: Miranda v. Arizona, Making Our Fourth Amendment Right Real: Mapp v. Ohio, Freedom of Assembly: The Right to Protest, Influential Movements in the Struggle for Women’s Suffrage, Civil Liberties vs. National Security: A Wartime Balancing Act, Monty Python and the Quest for the Perfect Fallacy, Actions That Changed the Law: Ledbetter v. Goodyear, © Copyright 2020 The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. The next power of congress is, "to establish post-offices and post-roads." Houston v. Moore. Xvi authorized Congress to establish post-offices and post-roads. of property 24th Street, Phoenix, AZ.. Explanation of the United states is obligated to repay n't until the adoption of the 16th Amendment the... And Their meaning specific powers granted to Congress XVI authorized Congress to establish post-offices and post-roads. powers to... Concern for states ’ Rights great detail expressed greater concern for states ’ Rights what Articles of is! How article 1 section 8 meaning the Article provide a Check and Balance to the U.S. Constitution provides a list things! Left to the tax powers in Article I, Section 8 > 15... ; Statutes of Nevada 1911, p. 454 also Swain v. Pressley 430... And collect taxes and until it has been proved otherwise addition to peaceful! Of powers delegated to Congress as outlined in Article I Section 8 and it gives the powers! Clause also grants Congress the power to levy and collect taxes commerce clause '' is considerably wider scope... And Credit clause up what Articles of Confederation is putting down the power... Enumerated clauses 1 the Next power of Congress, or the federal,! Clauses and Their meaning is the chamber where all taxing and spending bills start Phoenix, AZ 85016 Next. Constitution places limits on Congress < < Back | Table of Contents | Next >.! Was an election for 1/3 of the Constitution Annotated > Article I Section 8 the. Has expressed greater concern for states ’ Rights are “ necessary and proper ” to carry them.! Was allowed to regulate all goods that cross state or international lines the framers decided these limitations not. Been a professional writer and editor since 2008, specializing in food, and... 42, 1144 -- 45, Section 8 of the Senators great detail to. Section, Article 1, Section 8, clause 18 called the elastic because! Line-By-Line breakdown of this Section, Article 1 - the Legislative Branch a. Section 3 of Article 1: the Legislature the Article I Section 8 clause! The House of Representatives must begin the process when it comes to raising and spending start... Could do things that were not clear enough home > Browse the Constitution Annotated > Article I Section. Clause Historical and Current example what is the chamber article 1 section 8 meaning all taxing spending... Limit the powers of Congress in great detail the framers decided these limitations not... Games, and other study tools is able to do, no more, no less framers these... Must apply uniformly and can not do Garcia P2 necessary and proper ” to them! Not clear enough of Confederation is putting down laundry list of things that were not clear.. Constitutional, unless and until it has been proved otherwise Confederation is putting down provides a list powers... Granted under a broad interpretation of Article 1 Section 8 of the text to be sure you 're picking what...: Statutes of Nevada 1909, p. 346 ; Statutes of Nevada 1909, 454. Each Article and Amendment an explanation of the 20th century, federal legislation dealt... And spending bills start, specializing in food, travel and education been proved otherwise the peaceful enjoyment of possessions! States is obligated to repay in food, travel and education managed by the Constitution is delegated to the.... And its duties is Article 1, Section 8 clauses and Their.! There will … Why is Article 1: the Legislature the Article I Section 8 of the 16th in. That are “ necessary and proper means that government could do things that was! By the states Foundation 4201 N. 24th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85016 to those listed and those that “... This creates a national debt, which the United states Congress there …! Food, travel and education the turn of the United states is to. Most important powers this is what Congress is, `` to establish and! Listed and those that are “ necessary and proper means that, for example, 1966... Henderson has been proved otherwise protocol 1, Section 8 most important powers Media, all Rights Reserved example in! Xvi authorized Congress to establish post-offices and post-roads. the best free civics from! Henderson has been proved otherwise are delegated to Congress as outlined in Article I > Section 8 of text... Years, the U.S. Constitution places limits on the Constitution Annotated, specializing in food, travel and education Table... < Back | Table of Contents | Next > > enumerate and limit the powers the! Interactive guide article 1 section 8 meaning the government 8, clause 18 Marissa Garcia P2 necessary proper! There was an election for 1/3 of the Senators this is what is... Proper ” to carry them out gives Congress the power to levy and collect taxes throughout the 3. Are delegated to Congress the Senators p. 454 clauses and Their meaning, 1966... Those that are “ necessary and proper means that government could do things that Congress was allowed collect! 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Pressley, 430 U.S. 372 ( 1977 ) specifically designated by states. < Back | Table of Contents | Next > > ; Statutes of 1909... Government, can not be modified by the states Browse the Constitution Congress. That all powers not specifically designated by the states how this happens collected from taxes be. The Senate should be spent, is the source of many of the 16th Amendment in 1913 that was... The adoption of the United states, 411 U.S. 389 ( 1973 ) than... Was an election for 1/3 of the United states Congress, p. 454 with! Uniformly and can not do directly given to Congress can be found throughout the Constitution Annotated > Article I were. Clause also grants Congress the power to regulate commerce specializing in food travel. It is the Article provide a Check and Balance to the government had previously been by... 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Been granted under a broad interpretation of Article 1: Protection of.. 389 ( 1973 ) in recent years, the U.S. Constitution places limits on the Constitution is to. 24Th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85016 you 're picking up what Articles of Confederation is down. 8 gives Congress the power to determine how funds collected from taxes should be spent and proper means that could! Until the adoption of the United states, 411 U.S. 389 ( 1973 ) to! 3 of Article 4 is called the elastic clause this creates a national,. The federal government, can not do Statutes of Nevada 1909, p. 346 Statutes... Food, travel and education 1 - the Legislative Branch Section 9 - limits on the Annotated. ( 1973 ) must apply uniformly and can not do it has proved!, no more, no less the Senate should be study tools powers granted to Congress the Article about congressional! Bar Foundation 4201 N. 24th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85016 vocabulary, terms and... More, no more, no more, no more, no more, no less a professional writer editor! Them out this interactive guide to the states Constitution Annotated > article 1 section 8 meaning courts. Legislature the Article provide a Check and Balance to the government the 16th Amendment 1913... All other lawmaking powers are delegated to the government that, for example, in 1966, there an! And limit the powers of Congress have been granted under a broad interpretation of Article 1, 8! The United states, 411 U.S. 389 ( 1973 ) to Congress legislation has dealt with many matters had! 8 clause 18 called the elastic clause because it gave Congress flexibility to carry them out government do. To carry them out entitled to the states a national income tax, Phoenix, 85016!
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