The bulk of the land on Cape Cod consists of glacial landforms, formed by terminal moraine and outwash plains. As defined by the Cape Cod Commission's enabling legislation, Cape Cod is conterminous with Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Those reworked sediments that moved north went to the tip of Cape Cod. Cape Cod has been the home of the Wampanoag Native American people for many centuries. Like Cape Cod itself, the islands south of the Cape have evolved from whaling and trading areas to become resort destinations, attracting wealthy families, celebrities, and tourists. On Cape Cod, sea level rose roughly 3 metres (9.8 ft) per millennium between 6,000 and 2,000 years ago. Much of the east-facing Atlantic seacoast of Cape Cod consists of wide, sandy beaches. These include the large nearby islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. Long-distance bus service is available through Plymouth and Brockton Street Railway, with regular service to downtown Boston and Logan Airport, as well as less frequent service to Provincetown. The highest temperature yet recorded on the peninsula was 104 °F (40 °C) in Provincetown,[23]; the lowest temperature recorded was −12 °F (−24 °C) in Barnstable.[24]. By 6,000 years ago, the sea level was high enough to start eroding the glacial deposits that the vanished continental ice sheet had left on Cape Cod. Farmers grazed their cattle on the grassy dunes of coastal Massachusetts, only to watch "in horror as the denuded sands 'walked' over richer lands, burying cultivated fields and fences." Cape Cod Bay lies in between Cape Cod and the mainland – bounded on the north by a horizontal line between Provincetown and Marshfield. The narrow peninsula known as the Outer … About once every 11 or 12 years a hurricane brings damaging winds and storm surges to the region. Cape Cod is a popular destination for beachgoers from all over, with 559.6 miles (900.6 km) of coastline. Strong Category 2 storms, such as the 1869 Saxby Gale, Hurricane Edna in 1954, and Hurricane Bob in 1991, also caused considerable damage. In 1920, the stations were acquired by RCA and, in 1921, Chatham began operations as a maritime radio station communicating to ships at sea using the callsign WCC. One of the most popular fishing spots on the East Coast is the Cape Cod Canal. The arrival of the railroad during the nineteenth century reinforced the "up/down" concept, as train schedules between Boston and Cape Cod always showed Boston at the top – the timetable for trains headed onto the Cape would be read from the top down, and those of returning trains would be read from the bottom up. Bourne won the state title in 2003 and 2007, and Barnstable has won 12 Division 1 state titles in the past 13 years and has won the state title the three years in a row (2011–2013). Beaches—both public and private—are easily accessible. [34][35], Giovanni da Verrazzano approached it from the south in 1524. Each summer, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, it operates a science-based program for gifted and talented students from around the Cape. The early industrial revolution occurred through much of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, but it mostly bypassed Cape Cod due to a lack of significant water power in the area. The Cape also has two vocational high schools. Cape Cod was among the first places settled by the English in North America. Massey, A.J., C.S. The Cape Cod National Seashore has 40 miles (64 km) of sandy beach and many walking paths. To the south of Cape Cod lie Nantucket Sound; Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard, both large islands; and the mostly privately owned Elizabeth Islands. Cape Cod also generated a distinctive Cape style house and Cape lighthouse. The bays, harbors and shoals along this coastline also provide a robust habitat for game species, and during the late summer months warm-water species such as mahi-mahi and marlin will also appear on the southern edge of Cape Cod's waters. We are located on cape cod bay & the beaches are a short walk … Improved rail transportation made the towns of the Upper Cape accessible to Bostonians, such as Bourne and Falmouth. The final town to be established on the Cape was Bourne in 1884, breaking off from Sandwich. The Manomet River area (taken up by the western end of the Cape Cod Canal in the early 20th century) is claimed by some to have been visited by Leif Eiriksson,[29] and a stone wall[30] discovered in Provincetown in 1805 is also claimed to have been built by his younger brother Thorvald Eiriksson around 1007 AD,[31] when the keel of his ship was repaired in the harbor, according to Norse sagas. For most of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, Cape Cod was considered to consist of three sections (see map): The terms "Upper Cape" and "Lower Cape", and references to traveling "up Cape" or "down Cape" have long been a source of confusion for the uninitiated Cape Cod visitor, who, mistakenly associating "up" with "north", might get turned around by passages such as these from 1920: There are many theories to explain the apparent paradox. The documentary Natives of the Narrowland (1993), narrated by actress Julie Harris, shows the history of the Wampanoag people through Cape Cod archaeological sites. The beach below the bluffs where his station was located is now called Marconi Beach. Bourne (Includes the villages of Buzzards Bay, Sagamore, Sagamore Beach, Bournedale, Pocasset, Cataumet, and Monument Beach.) Those sediments that instead moved south created the islands and shoals of Monomoy. The residential program is … Another bike path, the Shining Sea Bikeway, was built over abandoned tracks between Woods Hole and Falmouth in 1975, and in 2008 the 7.4-mile long (11.9 km) rail line between Falmouth and North Falmouth was removed and the right-of-way converted into an extension of the Shining Sea Bikeway. [46] There are a number of dedicated bike trails and paths around the Cape, including: For long-distance biking, the mostly on-road Claire Saltonstall Bikeway connects Cape Cod to the Charles River Bike Path in Boston. Bourne offers the Waldorf School of Cape Cod, Harwich offers the Lighthouse Charter School for elementary and middle school students, and Falmouth offers Falmouth Academy. All of the other towns elect a 5-member Board of Selectmen as the executive policy-setting board, and utilize Town Meetings as their legislative body.[9]. Cape Cod is known around the world as a spring-to-fall destination for sport anglers. He named Martha's Vineyard Claudia, after Claude of France, the wife of Francis I of France. Nearly 44,000 acres of its Atlantic coastline from Provincetown, south to Chatham comprise the federally protected Cape … [49] Bed and breakfasts or vacation houses are often used for lodging. Artist Edward Hopper owned a summer house in Truro, and painted numerous Cape scenes including Corn Hill (1930), Highland Light, North Truro (1930), Rich's House (1930), High Road (1931), House on Dune Edge (1931), Cold Storage Plant (1933), and Cottages at North Truro (1936).[55]. To this day, on nearby Martha's Vineyard, "Up Island" is the western section and "Down Island" is to the east. The Cape has nine amateur baseball franchises playing within Barnstable County in the Cape Cod Baseball League. While Hyannis is the town's business and … The end of each summer is marked with the running of the Falmouth Road Race, held on the third Saturday in August. The Atlantic Ocean is to the east of Cape Cod, and to the southwest of the Cape is Buzzards Bay. Many of Cape Cod's earliest lighthouses featured a light tower that was attached directly to – and centered on the roof of – the keeper's dwelling. Bourne High School serves students in that town, which includes the villages of Sagamore, Sagamore Beach, and Buzzards Bay. Barnstable High School is the Cape's largest. The Forbes family-owned Naushon Island was first purchased by John Murray Forbes. The fleet guarantee a whale sighting (mostly humpback whale, fin whale, minke whale, sei whale, and the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale) and is the only federally certified operation qualified to rescue whales. Features the Cape Cod … Two highway bridges cross the Cape Cod Canal: the Sagamore Bridge and the Bourne Bridge. The festival features local, regional, and national talent, along with food, arts, and family-friendly activities. Our map of Cape Cod will show you where each town is in relation to the others. With locations in Osterville and Bourne the Cape Cod Collaborative provides transportation services, professional development, autism support, developmental training, itinerant services and an alternative education program. They helped the Pilgrims, who arrived in the fall of 1620, survive at their new Plymouth Colony. In 1986, Amtrak operated a seasonal service in the summer from New York City to Hyannis called the Cape Codder. No longer in "official" use over the ensuing decades, the name came to mean all of the land east of the Manomet and Scusset rivers – essentially along the line that became the Cape Cod Canal. Massachusetts Maritime Academy is the oldest continuously operating maritime college in the United States. Cape Cod (population about 230,000) is a peninsula at the southeastern border of Massachusetts that reaches gracefully out into the Atlantic Ocean about 40 miles, like a giant’s arm bent at the elbow. The entire Cape is roughly bisected lengthwise by U.S. Route 6, locally known as the Mid-Cape Highway and officially as the Grand Army of the Republic Highway. The service is primarily tourist-oriented and includes a dinner train over a scenic route between Hyannis and the Cape Cod Canal lasting about 2½ hours round trip. Sturgis Charter Public School, a public school in Hyannis that was featured in Newsweek magazine's "Best High Schools" ranking, offers the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme in their junior and senior year and is open to students from as far away as Plymouth. The third is Bridgewater State University, which opened a satellite campus in South Yarmouth in January 2015. The Lower Cape (or more accurately the eastern side of the Cape) includes Harwich, Brewster, Orleans, Eastham and Chatham at its easternmost point. A stairway to the lantern room was accessible only from the top floor of the house. In 1976 the Cape schools and districts petitioned the Massachusetts Legislature to create an educational collaborative, the Cape Cod Collaborative, to facilitate cooperation and efficiency in providing gifted and talented, and special needs programs. Barnstable and Harwich have each sent multiple players to Division 1 colleges for baseball. Surrounded by water of all four sides, Cape Cod … This venture lasted two years. In 1916, a third attempt at league play barely got off the ground. Therefore, the climate may be better characterized as either a maritime climate or a humid continental climate (particularly on the northern coast of the upper and mid cape, which is somewhat sheltered from the cooler onshore wind to the south). Initially, sea level rose quickly, about 15 metres (49 ft) per 1,000 years, but then the rate declined. Cape Cod, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard The Best Small Towns and Villages in Cape Cod, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard The prettier towns and villages of the Cape and islands combine … This is a park encompassing the site of the first two-way transoceanic radio transmission from the United States. Carlson, and D.R. Several prominent families have established compounds or estates on the larger islands, making these islands some of the wealthiest resorts in the Northeast, yet they retain much of the early merchant trading and whaling culture. [36] In 1525, Portuguese explorer Estêvão Gomes called it Cabo de la Arenas while sailing under the Spanish crown.[37]. Each summer, the Naukabout Music Festival is held at the Barnstable County Fair Grounds located in East Falmouth, typically during the first weekend of August. They understood the principles of sustainable forest management, and were known to light controlled fires to keep the underbrush in check. Its largest village, Hyannis, is the central business district of the county and home to Barnstable … (2006). Cape Cod in particular is a popular retirement area; 27.8% of the population of Barnstable County is 65 years old or older.,[3] and the average age of residents is the highest of any area in New England. Cape Cod is made up of 15 towns, but within those 15 towns there are many different villages which may have their own zip codes. [39] Provincetown was a group of huts until the 18th century. Active freight service remains in the Upper Cape area in Sandwich and in Bourne, largely due to a trash transfer station located at Joint Base Cape Cod along the Bourne-Falmouth rail line. The Cape has upwards of sixty public beaches, many of which offer parking for non-residents for a daily fee (in summer). General aviation airports are: There is one military airport at Otis Air National Guard Base. As a result, the ocean temperature rarely gets above 65 °F (18 °C), except along the shallow west coast of the Upper Cape and along the southern coast (Nantucket Sound), where water temperatures can sometimes reach 70 °F (21 °C) or higher. The federal government purchased it in 1928. The two parallel road bridges are four miles apart, with the Bourne Bridge to the west, and the Sagamore to the east. That is, one would be traveling "down [wind]" to the east with a westerly wind at one's back. One is the Cape Cod Community College located in West Barnstable. Take a look at the Cape Cod map, so you can get your bearings, then click on any of the town names for a link that leads directly to that town’s page. Beginning in 1797, lighthouses were erected along Cape Cod to aid in navigation. From 1988, Amtrak and the Massachusetts Department of Transportation increased service to a daily frequency,[45] until service ended in 1996, leaving a gap until the current CapeFlyer service began in 2013. Many kettle ponds – clear, cold lakes – were formed and remain on Cape Cod as a result of the receding glacier. Cape Cod Towns. Barnstable, the most populated municipality on Cape Cod, is the only one to have adopted a city form of government, whose legislative body is an elected 13-member council. The Cape developed as a large fishing and whaling center as a result, and also because of its geographic position. Cape Cod has a year-round population of about 220,000, and it experiences a tourist season each summer, the beginning and end of which can be roughly approximated as Memorial Day and Labor Day, respectively. GREER REAL ESTATE Broker Associate Your complete Cape Cod REAL ESTATE RESOURCE. Then, in 1923, an initial four teams met in Hyannis and started a successful federation along the lines of the present league. Due to their exposure to the open ocean, the Cape and islands are subject to considerable coastal erosion. 6A) side of town … He was killed later in the same journey, and is said to have been returned to this spot for burial. Without any basis whatsoever, some claim a start date of 1875. Several small islands right off Cape Cod, including Monomoy Island, Monomoscoy Island, Popponesset Island, and Seconsett Island, are also in Barnstable County. CCRTA also operates Barnstable County's ADA-required paratransit (dial-a-ride) service, under the name "B-Bus.". The list is in alphabetical order. Most agenc… Cape Cod Healthcare has partnered with Barnstable County Department of Health and Environment and the Cape Cod Commission to provide a map of confirmed COVID-19 cases on Cape Cod. This represents the southernmost extent of glacial coverage in southeast New England; similar glacial formations make up Long Island in New York and Block Island in Rhode Island. Ample free parking exists all along the waterway, and the banks are a short walk from one's vehicle. It did not last. [28], Cape Cod was a landmark for early explorers. The best known colloquial explanation, however, is that the shape of the peninsula as it appears on maps and charts resembles that of a human arm. The town of Barnstable has Trinity Christian Academy, Cape Cod Academy, St. Francis Xavier Preparatory School, and Saint John Paul II High School. [56][57], This article is about the area of Massachusetts. By about 18,000 years ago, the ice sheet had retreated past Cape Cod. On average, roughly 27 inches (69 cm) of snow, which is about 17 inches (43 cm) less than Boston, falls in an average winter. They planted familiar crops, but these were unsuited to Cape Cod's thin, glacially derived soils. Finally, in 1963, the league became a wholly summer collegiate circuit sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association with some Major Leagues financial support. High school football teams on the Cape have also recently become successful and the region has also become a hot-spot for college recruiting. It's much closer and has one of my ever-so-favorite towns, Rockport.It's a quaint 19th fishing village turned … No longer in "official" use over the ensuing decades, the name came to mean all of the land east of the Manomet and Scusset rivers – essentially along the line that became the Cape Cod Canal. With over 500 miles of coastline, it’s sandy beaches, over 30 golf … Nauset, Barnstable, and Martha's Vineyard are also state hockey powerhouses. It draws about 10,000 runners to the Cape and showcases the finest runners in the world (mainly for the large purse that the race is able to offer). The entire town of Provincetown, at the extreme tip of the Cape, is a spit consisting largely of deposited marine sediment that was eroded and transported from farther south along the shore. Cape Cod has 15 towns, all within one county: Barnstable County. There are 27 public, daily-fee golf courses and 15 private courses on Cape Cod. The water transported the eroded deposits north and south along the outer Cape's shoreline through a process known as longshore drift. This came to be known as a Cape Cod style lighthouse, yet today, the only fully intact specimens are on the west coast of the United States. The canal cuts 7 miles (11 km) roughly across the base of the peninsula, though small portions of the Cape Cod towns of Bourne and Sandwich lie on the mainland side of the canal. Each town has its own unique history, natural beauty and, dare we say, personality, which we'll do our best to show you in this part of the site. The most famous of these, of course, is Hyannis, which is a village in the town of Barnstable, … Influential natives included patriot James Otis, historian and writer Mercy Otis Warren, jurist Lemuel Shaw, and naval officer John Percival. Most agencies, including the Cape Cod Commission and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), treat the Cape as an island with regard to disaster preparedness, groundwater management, and the like. Summertime Day Cape Codder service by the New Haven from New York City to the Cape ended in 1964. Outstanding players from throughout the region competed until the war effort led to a shutdown in 1940. In the late 20th century, tourists and owners of second homes began visiting the Cape more and more in the spring and fall, softening the definition of the high season and expanding it somewhat. CapeFlyer is a seasonal passenger rail service between Boston and Hyannis that operates on summer weekends from Memorial Day through Labor Day. The creation of the canal separated the majority of the peninsula from the mainland. Cape Cod became a summer haven for city dwellers beginning at the end of the 19th century. The present Cape Cod Canal was slowly developed from 1870 to 1914. Each town, while very much a part of the greater Cape Cod … In 1978, the tracks east of South Dennis were abandoned and replaced with the Cape Cod Rail Trail. Exceptions to this include Dennis-Yarmouth Regional High School, located in Yarmouth, which serves the two towns in its name; Monomoy Regional High School, located in Harwich and serving that town as well as Chatham; and Nauset Regional High School in Eastham, which serves the towns of Brewster, Orleans, Eastham, Wellfleet, Truro, and Provincetown. As the years passed, local players were moved aside by outside college stars. Because of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, temperatures are typically a few degrees lower in the summer and a few degrees higher in the winter than the adjacent mainland. Cape territory is divided into 15 towns with many villages. The fifteen Cape Cod towns are listed alphabetically below, each with a link that will take you to more information about them. 28 on Cape Cod… Some particularly well-known Cape products and industries include cranberries, shellfish (particularly oysters and clams), and lobstering. In 1996, Massachusetts began issuing a "Cape & Islands" speciality registration plate. The town of Barnstable – 76-square miles between Nantucket Sound and Cape Cod Bay – is made up of seven villages, each with its own unique characteristics and charm. [2] It extends from Provincetown in the northeast to Woods Hole in the southwest, and is bordered by Plymouth to the northwest. The race is 7.0 miles (11.3 km)[52] long, which is a non-standard distance. With its pristine beaches, great seafood restaraunts, and easy access to Cape Cod … The settlers practiced burning of woodlands to release nutrients into the soil. Choose from the best in Cape Cod lodging: romantic Cape Cod inns and bed and breakfasts, cozy Cape Cod cottages and guest houses, and the finest in Cape Cod motels, hotels, and resorts. All other places you may have heard on the Cape are not towns but villages within one of the listed towns. This process continues today. It remained that way for 125 years, until the "Precinct of Cape Cod" was incorporated as the Town of Provincetown. It remained that way for 125 years, until the "Precinct of Cape Cod" was incorporated as the Town of Provincetown. The Kennedy Compound in Hyannis Port was President Kennedy's summer White House during his presidency, and the Kennedy family continues to maintain residences on the compound. In addition, the Cape Cod Canal Railroad Bridge carries railway freight and provides limited passenger service onto the Cape. (2005). 28) side of town are the villages of: Cotuit; Marstons Mills; Hyannis; Centerville; Osterville; On the north (Rt. This region is historically and collectively known by naturalists as the Outer Lands. Cape Cod extends 65 miles (105 km) into the Atlantic Ocean, with a breadth of between 1–20 miles (1.6–32.2 km), and covers more than 400 miles (640 km) of shoreline. A common misconception is that the climate is influenced largely by the warm Gulf Stream current; however, that current turns eastward off the coast of Virginia, and the waters off the Cape are more influenced by the cold Canadian Labrador Current. Precipitation on Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket is the lowest in the New England region, averaging slightly less than 40 inches (100 cm) a year (most parts of New England average 42 to 46 inches (110 to 120 cm)). Cape Cod is made up of diverse towns and many villages: Upper Cape. Peter Pan Bus Lines also runs long-distance service to T.F. In the 2010 cross country season, Sturgis Charter Public School's Division 4 cross country team remained virtually unbeaten throughout their running season. This is a list of the zip codes of all the towns and villages on Cape Cod. Visit Harwich, a charming, year-round village only 30 miles from each end of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Geologically speaking, Cape Cod is quite young, having been laid down some 16,000 to 20,000 years ago. In 1946, the local town teams from the prewar County Twilight League and Lower Cape Cod League organized under the Cape Cod Baseball League banner. If you are only going for a day trip, I would suggest going to Cape Ann to the north instead. They survived off the sea and were accomplished farmers. In May 2007, the Wampanoag tribe was federally recognized. Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 16:30. The water surrounding Cape Cod moderates winter temperatures nearly enough to extend the humid subtropical climate zone to what could be its northernmost limit in eastern North America, as the majority of Cape Cod is in USDA hardiness zone 7a. Each of these towns include a number of villages; see Barnstable County for a complete list. Provincetown, therefore, despite being the Cape's northernmost town, was the furthest "down" that one could travel. Serving all Cape Cod towns and villages Cape Cod is connected to the mainland by a pair of canal-spanning highway bridges, the Bourne and Sagamore that were constructed in the 1930s (replacing a 1912 drawbridge). 508-258-9010 [email ... Cape Cod Zip Codes. Return from Map of Cape Cod Towns to Home. The virtues of Cape Cod are extolled in the song "Old Cape Cod". Prior to the Falmouth race is an annual 5-mile (8.0 km) race through Brewster called the Brew Run, held early in August. LeBlanc. One is that the terms derive from early nautical navigation. Soccer on Cape Cod is represented by the Cape Cod Crusaders, playing in the USL Premier Development League (PDL) based in Hyannis. [51] The current teams in the league are the Bourne Braves, Brewster Whitecaps, Chatham Anglers (formerly the Chatham Athletics), Cotuit Kettleers, Falmouth Commodores, Harwich Mariners, Hyannis Harbor Hawks (formerly the Hyannis Mets), Orleans Firebirds (formerly the Orleans Cardinals), Wareham Gatemen and the Yarmouth–Dennis Red Sox. Captain John Smith noted it on his map of 1614, and at last the Pilgrims entered the "Cape Harbor" and – contrary to the popular myth of Plymouth Rock – made their first landing near present-day Provincetown on November 11, 1620. Each won state championships recently, Bourne in 2004 and Sandwich in.... 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