+44 (0)20 7357 7474 |  info@savetherhino.org, For press enquiries & images, please contact our Communications Manager on The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary is a safe haven for rhinos which is 250 acres of natural habitat which has 5 rhinos living there and is the major focus of a breeding program and research centre. Like the They can run at speeds of 35 miles per hour. In November, the death of last Sumatran rhino … The threats which the face the Sumatran Rhinoceros are mostly human related threats. Although still fairly sizable, standing nearly 5 feet at the shoulder and weighing 600-950kg, this rhino is diminutive indeed compared to the largest species, the white rhino. Diet: Herbivore. The Sumatran rhino’s two horns are considerably smaller than those of their African relatives, the black and white rhinos. The head size is also relatively smaller. Currently there are around 10 individuals in captivity in Sumatra and Malaysia. It's having around 60kg food per day, what is about 10% of it's weight. The Sumatran Rhino is the only Asian rhino that, like the African sub-species, has two horns. Sumatran Rhinos have home ranges which can be as large as 50 square kilometres. The Sumatran Rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhino due to the fact that the animal is covered in small hairs which is denser for younger animals, and providing a light reddish-brown colours. “We estimate that the Sumatran rhinoceros population peaked at an estimated effective population size of approximately 57,800 individuals about 950,000 years ago,” they said. Rhinos reach full size, including full horn length, at about 8 years old, but males may continue to fill out for another 3 to 4 years, sometimes reaching 15 feet in total length, and weighing 6,000 pounds at the high end for white rhinos. 100% of your donation will go towards various wildlife conservation efforts of the animals displayed on this site. By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the use of these cookies. The Sumatran rhino is the smallest of the world’s 5 rhino species. Currently there are around 10 individuals in captivity in Sumatra and Malaysia. Lifespan (in wild): Weight: 500kg -2,500kg Body length: 2.5m-4m long Top speed:55km/hour Diet: Herbivore Habitat: grassy plains, rainforests and swamps. Size. Donate today to help support the world's wildlife. Days are spent wallowing in mud baths to rest and keep cool. The Sumatran  Rhinoceros is most active when eating at dawn and after dusk. The wild ones are now mainly found in just four countries - India, Nepal, Bhutan and Indonesia. The main areas being: Until recently it was considered to be 5 places as the island of Malaysia and Borneo were known as places for the Sumatran Rhinoceros, but have since been declared extinct in the wild in these places. The rhino feeds exclusively from plants, that is bamboo, leaves, bark, fruits etc. Among five rhino species in the world, three are distributed in Asia. It is 1 to 1,5 meter high, about 2 to 3 meters long and weights between 600 and 950 kg. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Sumatran rhino population size is 220-270 individuals. These last for around 4 to 7 seconds, Whistle Blows – a two second long burst of sound which is very loud and can be heard at great distance, Females can produce offspring from 6 to 7 year of age and typical reproduce every 4 to 5 years. Currently the species is classified as Critically Endangered (CR) and its numbers today continue to decrease. Javan rhinos live deep in the Indonesian rain forest and like to wallow in mud to keep cool. The Sumatran rhino and the Javan rhino live on islands in Indonesia. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (South West of Sumatra), Gunung Leuser National Park (North Sumatra), Way Kambas National Park (South East Sumatra), The Sumatran Rhinoceros has very poor vision, They possess surprising speed and agility which aides them in climbing mountains and handling steep slopes and riverbanks, They are solitary animals, except for pairing before mating and rearing offspring. Aside from keeping cool, wallowing allows the animal to protect its skin from the sun and insects. It is estimated that fewer than 100 individuals remain. All rights These hefty beasts can measure over 6ft … The Sumatran rhino has been called the most vocal rhino species, 40 individuals in captivity were extensively observed, revealing the subtleties of their communications and vocalisations. Sumatran rhinos once occurred from the foothills of the Himalayas in Bhutan and north-eastern India, through southern China (Yunnan), Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Viet Nam and the Malay Peninsula, and onto the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia (Foose et al., 1997). They are the most vocal species of Rhinoceros. From his DNA, scientists were able to model the population history of the Sumatran rhino. Height: 1-1.5 metres 4. They make 3 distinct noises which are referred to as: Whales – a similar vocalisation to whales which is like a song. The length of the front horn is about 15-25 Cm, while the rear horn is smaller with a size of about 10 Cm. For press enquiries & images, please contact our Communications Manager on. This is the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary – an area of 100 hectares of high-quality rhino habitat in Way Kambas National Park in Indonesia. The Sumatran Rhinoceros consumes upto 50kgs of food a day with a diet which consists of: During research it has been identified that 100 different species of plant are consumed and provides flexibility in their diet as often species only exist in small portions. The current wild population of the Sumatran Rhinoceros is not exactly known due to the difficulty of finding them in the wild. There are fewer than 100 estimated animals left in the wild, although this is considered high, 1.2 – 1.45 metres high, up to 2.5 metres long. Territories are marked by scraping soil, bending saplings into distinctive patterns and leaving excrement. Sumatran rhino, unlike the black rhino from America, is the smallest rhino with a weight ranging from 600-950 kg, height 1-1.5 m, and length 2-3 m. This two-horned rhino has the size of the front horn (anterior) ranging from 25-80 cm while the back horn (posterior) is relatively short and no more than 10 cm. The Sumatran Rhino is the smallest of all the living rhinos and the only Asian rhino with two horns. white rhino with two perfect horns. It is estimated that fewer than 100 individuals remain. Male ranges often overlap and it is believed that they do not defend their ranges. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Sumatran rhinos have two horns. Sumatran rhinos spend most of the day in wallows. Illegal logging and deforestation are closely related as this is destroying the main habitat for the animals. Rhinos are surprisingly fast for their size. Their diet is very high in fibre and has only moderate protein. The International Rhino Foundation does terrific work for all species of Rhino in the world, but for the Sumatran Rhino, they currently have the Sumatran Rhino Conservation Program in place. . See more ideas about Rhinoceros, Animals wild, Sumatran rhinoceros. It is one of the smaller rhinos in existence and lives for around 30 to 45 years in the wild. These trails are often used by other species of animals. They can weigh as much as 950kg, considerably less than their larger relatives elsewhere in Asia and Africa. Sign up to our monthly newsletter to keep up to date with our latest stories and events. Indian rhino: Vulnerable. Jan 25, 2019 - Explore Mmk's board "Sumatran rhinoceros" on Pinterest. Females home ranges are much smaller and are around 10-15 square kilometres. 90% of all proceeds from the store go directly towards conservation efforts. Weight: they weigh between 500-960 kg 3. Home » Species » Sumatran rhino. The answer is: at least 20 rhinos with a roughly equal sex ratio, no inbreeding depression and an inter-birth interval of three years. The weight of an adult individual ranges from 600–950 kg, the height from 1–1.5 meters and the bodylength from 2–3 m. The Bornean rhinoceros has the darkest skin of the Sumatran rhinos, and the fur of calves is much denser, but it becomes darker and more sparse as the animal matures. Average life span in The Wild: 35 to 40 years. the rhino's horn. Sumatran rhinoceros, (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), one of three Asian species of rhinoceroses and the smallest living rhinoceros. The other, much smaller horn, is located between the eyes called the “posterior” horn only measuring about 10cm (3.9inches). Among the most common plants the animal eats are many species from the Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, and Melastomataceae families with the most common being Eugenia. The Sumatran Rhinoceros is 120 to 145 Cm in size, and about 250 Cm in length. Rhinos are all herbivores, but their diets depend on their habitat: Sumatran and Javan rhinos feed on tropical vegetation, including some fruits, while black rhinoceros are primarily browsers that feed on herbs and shrubs, and Indian rhinos feed on both grasses and aquatic plants. They climb mountains easily and can negotiate very steep slopes and riverbanks. The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) in Way Kambas National Park, in Lampung province at the southern end of Sumatra Island, now spans 250 hectares (620 acres), following an … Adult males grow to between 2-4m in length and reach up to 1-1.5m in height. We promise never to sell your email address or share it without your permission, and you can unsubscribe at any time – please view our privacy policy here. Sumatran Rhinos have home ranges which can be as large as 50 square kilometres. Both horns usually are a dark grey or black colour. The front horn is larger and measures 10 – 31 inches (25-79 cm) long. Save the Rhino, Unit 3, Coach House Mews, 217 Long Lane, London, SE1 4PR Benchmark of the size of various rhino species This can vary from a short, bristly coat common in the wild, to a shaggy fur for those in captivity because there is less abrasion from vegetation. Rhinos once roamed across Asia because they favor the warm and humid climate here. The greater one-horned rhino lives in India and Nepal. White rhino: Near threatened. We’ll send you the latest news about rhinos plus information about our work, campaigns, and events. (It can be as heavy as a large pickup truck!) HabitatDense highland and lowland tropical and sub-tropical forests. (That’s almost as fast as a horse can run.) WWF works to identify the best scientific methods to monitor rhino populations in the wild, analyze data, and train survey teams. It seems that their numbers declined dramatically due to a climate shift as long as 9,000 years ago, and have not managed to bounce back since. Their height can range from 4 to 10 feet. With the protection provided by the horns and rims of hard skin and cartilage on nose and head, they can easily break through the densest vegetation, leaving round tunnels. The larger horn known as the “nasal” or “anterior” horn grows from the nose, measuring between 15-25cm (5.9-9.8in). It is the smallest of all known rhino species. Group Name: Solitary. The Sumatran rhino has two horns. The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary was developed to accommodate the few remaining Sumatran rhinos that were living in isolation in zoos around the world. We’ll send you the latest news about rhinos plus information about our work, campaigns, and events. Research from the Marshall University in West Virginia recently shed light on just how long the Sumatran rhino population has been having difficulties. International Rhino Foundation & Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. +44 (0)20 7357 7474 or email press@savetherhino.org, Copyright © 2020. The poaching issue that faces the species is very dangerous to the continued existence of the species as due to the very limited number of remaining and being separated means that any loss via poaching is extremely damaging. The rhinoceros has fringed ears and wrinkles around its eyes. Calves typically weigh 40 – 60 kgs when born and stay with their mother for 2 to 3 years. The white rhino is the biggest. 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